Infertility Treatments

Infertility is treated with surgery, medication or assisted reproductive technologies (ART). In some instances, various treatments can be utilized together to enhance the results. Whether or not the problem lies with just one or with both partners, a variety of treatments may be looked at.

You’ll want to be aware of the estimated success rates for the treatment you choose as well as how success is defined. Some clinics will use the number of live births in defining success rates for ART. While others identify success in accordance with the number of pregnancies (regardless of whether they result in live births). You’ll want to talk about the success rates of your treatment alternatives with your doctor. If the cause of infertility is related to
lifestyle, it’s possible to take measures that can help. For example, your health care provider may advise you modify when and or how frequently you have sex. You might need to lose or put on weight, increase or decrease physical exercise or quit smoking.

You should know what is included with medical treatment to assist you with becoming pregnant. A number of treatment options demand a great deal of expense and effort from both partners. Many raise the chances of a multiple pregnancy. You might need to look at your health insurance benefits to find out if it treatments will be covered.

If a woman doesn’t ovulate, there are medications available that will induce ovulation. Even though a woman might be ovulating, she may still need to release additional eggs to be able to become pregnant. The medication most often used to bring about ovulation is called clomiphene citrate. It could be taken for several cycles. The dosage might be accelerated over time if ovulation doesn’t occur. Ovulation or pregnancy might not take place following treatment with clomiphene citrate. Otherwise, a medication known as gonadotropins could be administered by injection. These drug treatments stimulate the eggs to develop. Blood tests and ultrasound are employed to monitor the growth of eggs. If too many eggs develop, your physician may end that cycle. The majority of women who take medication to trigger ovulation begin to ovulate consistently. If no additional problems are present, greater than one half of these women become pregnant within 6 treatment cycles. If a woman fails to begin ovulating, additional tests could be required.

There is a risk of a multiple pregnancy occurring when taking these drugs. Gonadotropins poses a higher risk than does clomiphene citrate. Should a multiple pregnancy happen, your doctor will advise you of your options. One possibility is fetal reduction, where one (or more) fetuses are terminated to allow the remaining fetus(es) a greater opportunity to develop into a healthy baby. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is a rare condition that might occur. For those who are at risk of this condition, alternative treatments are available and you will be carefully watched.

Surgery may be done to open up blocked fallopian tubes. Surgery is also an option for correcting the following issues:

  • Remove scarring from prior surgery, infection or endometriosis
  • Remove growths like polyps or fibroids
  • Treat endometriosis (if found)

If the man’s sperm is the problem, surgery can occasionally remedy it. The success of surgery is dependent upon the sort and degree of the condition. Artificial insemination involves placing sperm in a woman’s uterus by methods other than sex. The sperm are treated in a lab in the majority of cases. The objective is to reduce the risk of infections and improve the prospect for an egg to become fertilized. Near the time of ovulation, the doctor inserts the sperm inside the uterus. A donor or the woman’s partner can provide the sperm for insemination. A donor’s sperm is frozen, and the donor is tested to ensure he is clear of particular medical problems. These medical issues consist of some genetic disorders and STDs, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Speak with your doctor concerning the particular tests which are done at the lab where you will be treated.


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